Some of the disorders treated at Coastal Digestive Health
Click on a treatment for more information.
Obesity is defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that may impair health.
An index called the body mass index (BMI) is used to classify adults (both male and females). It is calculated by determining the sum of a person’s weight in kilograms divided by the square of his height in meters (kg/m2), and is the same for both male and females.
- a BMI greater than or equal to 25 is overweight
- a BMI greater than or equal to 30 is obesity (WHO definition)
At least 2.8 million adults die each year as a result of being overweight or obese, the fifth leading cause of death worldwide. It is linked to more deaths worldwide than malnutrition or being underweight.
In 2011, more than 40 million children under the age of five were overweight. More than 30 million overweight children are living in developing countries and 10 million in developed countries.
- Cardiovascular disease (mainly heart disease and stroke);
- Type 2 diabetes;
- Fatty Liver
- Musculoskeletal disorders (especially osteoarthritis – a highly disabling degenerative disease of the joints);
- Some cancers (endometrial, breast, and colon).
What can be done
- Limit energy intake from carbohydrates;
- Increase consumption of vegetables, as well as legumes, whole grains and nuts;
- Regular physical activity (60 minutes a day for children and 150 minutes per week for adults).
There are medications, endoscopic and surgical options available to those where long term weight loss or weight maintenance is not possible.
The newest medication therapy available in Australia is Saxenda ® (not covered under the PBS) which works like a hormone the body produces naturally to regulate appetite, known as glucagon-like-peptide (GLP-1). It activates areas of your brain that regulate appetite, making you feel less hungry, which can lead to lower calorie intake and weight loss. It can help you to not only lose weight, but keep it off.
Conditions treated – Diabetes
There are several different types of diabetes mellitus, however the most common forms are:
- Type 1: which is an auto-immune disorder, where the pancreas (an organ in the abdomen) does not make enough insulin. http://www.uptodate.com/contents/diabetes-mellitus-type-1-overview-beyond-the-basics
- Type 2: the pancreas does not make enough insulin, or the body becomes resistant to normal or even high levels of insulin, or both. This causes high blood glucose (blood sugar) levels, which can cause serious health problems if left untreated. In the Western world approximately 90% of people with diabetes have type 2. http://www.uptodate.com/contents/diabetes-mellitus-type-2-overview-beyond-the-basics